Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Jul;20(4):243-8. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181e0b935.

Predictors of the use of performance-enhancing substances by young athletes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physical Education, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. claude.goulet@fse.ulaval.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To document the use of performance-enhancing substances (PES) by young athletes and to identify associated factors.

DESIGN:

Retrospective survey.

SETTING:

Self-reported anonymous questionnaire.

PARTICIPANTS:

Three thousand five hundred seventy-three athletes (mean age, 15.5 years) from Quebec provincial teams run by organizations recognized by the Government of Quebec.

INTERVENTIONS:

All subjects filled out a validated questionnaire on factors associated with the use of and the intention to use PES.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The use of and intention to use PES.

RESULTS:

In the 12 months before filling out the questionnaire, 25.8% of respondents admitted having attempted to improve their athletic performance by using 1 or more of 15 substances that were entirely prohibited or restricted by the International Olympic Committee. Multiple regression analyses showed that behavioral intention (beta = 0.34) was the main predictor of athletes' use of PES. Attitude (beta = 0.09), subjective norm (beta = 0.13), perceived facilitating factors (beta = 0.40), perceived moral obligation (beta = -0.18), and pressure from the athlete's entourage to gain weight (beta = 0.10) were positively associated with athletes' behavioral intention to use PES.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides evidence that supports the predicting value of the theory of planned behavior. Results suggest that the athlete's psychosocial environment has a significant impact on the decision to use PES and support the need to integrate this factor into the development and implementation of prevention interventions.

PMID:
20606508
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk