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J Cell Sci. 2010 Aug 1;123(Pt 15):2605-12. doi: 10.1242/jcs.067306. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Role of progerin-induced telomere dysfunction in HGPS premature cellular senescence.

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  • 1Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Box 1130, One Gustave L. Levy Place, NY 10012, USA.

Abstract

Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a premature-aging syndrome caused by a dominant mutation in the gene encoding lamin A, which leads to an aberrantly spliced and processed protein termed progerin. Previous studies have shown that progerin induces early senescence associated with increased DNA-damage signaling and that telomerase extends HGPS cellular lifespan. We demonstrate that telomerase extends HGPS cellular lifespan by decreasing progerin-induced DNA-damage signaling and activation of p53 and Rb pathways that otherwise mediate the onset of premature senescence. We show further that progerin-induced DNA-damage signaling is localized to telomeres and is associated with telomere aggregates and chromosomal aberrations. Telomerase amelioration of DNA-damage signaling is relatively rapid, requires both its catalytic and DNA-binding functions, and correlates in time with the acquisition by HGPS cells of the ability to proliferate. All of these findings establish that HGPS premature cellular senescence results from progerin-induced telomere dysfunction.

PMID:
20605919
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2908049
Free PMC Article
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