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Eur J Med Chem. 2010 Sep;45(9):4129-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2010.06.002. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Photodynamic effects of isosteric water-soluble phthalocyanines on human nasopharynx KB carcinoma cells.

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  • 1Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas (UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Junín 956, 1113 Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

The photodynamic activity of water-soluble cationic zinc(II) phthalocyanines using human nasopharynx carcinoma (KB cells) was investigated. A sulfur-linked cationic dye, named: 2,9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis[(2-trimethylammonium)ethylsulfanyl]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraioidide (13) is the most active of four sensitizer assays and shows a singlet oxygen quantum yield of 0.58 and a higher bathochromic shift of 10 nm for the Q-band as compared with the oxygen-linked cationic aliphatic phthalocyanine: 2,9(10),16(17),23(24)-tetrakis[(2-trimethylammonium)ethoxy]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraioidide (11) and the best photo-stability in water in comparison with their tetra-alpha-substituted counterparts 1,8(11),15(18),22(25)-tetrakis[(2-trimethylammonium)ethoxy]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraioidide (12) and 1,8(11),15(18),22(25)-tetrakis[(2-trimethylammonium)ethylsulfanyl]phthalocyaninatozinc(II) tetraioidide (14). Phthalocyanine 13, partially localized in lysosomes, led to cell photoinactivation in a concentration- and light dose-dependent manner. After photodynamic treatment, compound 13 induced an apoptotic response--as indicated by morphological cell changes--an increase in the activity of caspase-3 and the cleavage of poly-ADP-ribose-polymerase substrate (PARP).

2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20599298
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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