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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2010 Aug;2(8):a000794. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a000794. Epub 2010 Jun 30.

Higher-order genome organization in human disease.

Author information

  • National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. mistelit@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

Genomes are organized into complex higher-order structures by folding of the DNA into chromatin fibers, chromosome domains, and ultimately chromosomes. The higher-order organization of genomes is functionally important for gene regulation and control of gene expression programs. Defects in how chromatin is globally organized are relevant for physiological and pathological processes. Mutations and transcriptional misregulation of several global genome organizers are linked to human diseases and global alterations in chromatin structure are emerging as key players in maintenance of genome stability, aging, and the formation of cancer translocations.

PMID:
20591991
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2908770
Free PMC Article

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