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J Sch Health. 2010 Jul;80(7):326-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00509.x.

Examination of trends and evidence-based elements in state physical education legislation: a content analysis.

Author information

  • 1George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. aeyler@wustl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To develop a comprehensive inventory of state physical education (PE) legislation, examine trends in bill introduction, and compare bill factors.

METHODS:

State PE legislation from January 2001 to July 2007 was identified using a legislative database. Analysis included components of evidence-based school PE from the Community Guide and other authoritative sources: minutes in PE, PE activity, teacher certification, and an environmental element, including facilities and equipment. Researchers abstracted information from each bill and a composite list was developed.

RESULTS:

In total, 781 bills were analyzed with 162 enacted. Of the 272 bills that contained at least 1 evidence-based element, 43 were enacted. Only 4 bills included all 4 evidence-based elements. Of these 4, 1 was enacted. Funding was mentioned in 175 of the bills introduced (37 enacted) and an evaluation component was present in 172 of the bills (49 enacted).

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on this analysis, we showed that PE is frequently introduced, yet the proportion of bills with evidence-based elements is low. Future research is needed to provide the types of evidence required for development of quality PE legislation.

PMID:
20591097
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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