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Ann Surg Oncol. 2010 Dec;17(12):3386-93. doi: 10.1245/s10434-010-1197-7. Epub 2010 Jun 30.

Jun activation domain binding protein 1 is overexpressed from the very early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan. syachida@kms.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

As is known for many types of human cancers, the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with chronic liver disease shows an obvious multistage process of tumor progression. Despite the demonstrated importance of cell-cycle regulators in tumor biology, there have only been a few studies of their role in multistep hepatocarcinogenesis. Recently, we reported that a high level of p27(Kip1) expression is evident from the very early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis.

METHODS:

In the present study, expression of p27(Kip1) and Jun activation domain binding protein-1 (Jab1), which is a key molecule involved in posttranslational regulation of p27(Kip1), was evaluated in surgically resected specimens of 8 dysplastic nodules (DNs), 16 early HCCs, and 126 classical HCCs.

RESULTS:

Immunohistochemistry revealed no Jab1 expression in the majority of hepatocytes in noncancerous normal liver tissue and cases of chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. In contrast, Jab1 was overexpressed in 50% (4/8) and 50% (8/16) of DNs and early HCCs, respectively, and the labeling index was increased in line with the degree of loss of differentiation in classical HCCs. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions revealed the Jab1 mRNA levels in all tested early and well-differentiated HCCs to be increased compared with matched nontumorous liver specimens. The Spearman coefficient pointed to a high correlation between p27(Kip1) and Jab1 mRNA expression levels (P = 0.0014).

CONCLUSIONS:

Jab1 expression, as well as p27(Kip1) upregulation, is evident from the very early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis, suggesting that Jab1 could be a diagnostic marker and a treatment target for precancerous lesions and early HCCs.

PMID:
20589433
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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