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Opt Express. 2010 Apr 26;18(9):8853-8. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.008853.

Microstructured KY(WO(4))(2):Gd(3+), Lu(3+), Yb(3+) channel waveguide laser.

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  • 1Integrated Optical Microsystems Group, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands.


Epitaxially grown, 2.4-microm-thin layers of KY(WO(4))(2):Gd(3+), Lu(3+), Yb(3+), which exhibit a high refractive index contrast with respect to the undoped KY(WO(4))(2) substrate, have been microstructured by Ar beam milling, providing 1.4-microm-deep ridge channel waveguides of 2 to 7 microm width, and overgrown by an undoped KY(WO(4))(2) layer. Channel waveguide laser operation was achieved with a launched pump power threshold of only 5 mW, a slope efficiency of 62% versus launched pump power, and 76 mW output power.

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