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Am J Surg Pathol. 1991 Jul;15(7):654-9.

Proliferative myositis. An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study.

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  • 1Department of Histopathology, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex, England.


We studied four cases of proliferative myositis by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique, using a panel of 12 antibodies, and by electron microscopy. The aim was to clarify the nature of their constituent cells, specifically the giant ganglion-like cells and spindle cells, and to discuss the implications for histogenesis. In all cases, both cell types showed positive cytoplasmic staining with antibodies to vimentin, actin (C4), and alpha-smooth muscle actin-1, but in only one was there positive staining with desmin. No staining was obtained with factor XIIIa, muramidase, alpha-1-antitrypsin, myoglobin, S-100 protein, CAM 5.2, factor VIII-related antigen, or neuron-specific enolase. By electron microscopy, both types of cells were seen to contain numerous thin filaments, dense bodies, coated and pinocytotic vesicles, active and dilated rough endoplasmic reticulum, few microvilli, and incomplete desmosomal junctions. Our findings imply a myofibroblastic nature for the giant ganglion-like cells and spindle cells. Our observations also support the hypothesis that they are derived from a pericytic cell.

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