Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Oct;11(14):2351-62. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2010.499126.

Systemic therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma in treatment naïve patients: a risk-based approach.

Author information

  • CCF Lerner College of Medicine of CWRU, 28099 Gates Mills Blvd, Pepper Pike, OH 44124, USA. bukow464@sbcglobal.net

Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD:

Kidney cancer is the ninth most common cancer in the USA, with an annual incidence of approximately 55,000 cases per year. Over 13,000 patients are estimated to die from this disease annually. Cloning of the VHL gene, recognition of the associated abnormalities in sporadic clear-cell carcinoma, and its role as a regulator of the hypoxic response, were important milestones in our understanding of renal-cell carcinoma (RCC) biology and the recognition of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) dependency of RCC. A variety of clinical features, including histologic features, prognostic factors, and patient history of comorbid illness, provide the framework in which the results of recent clinical trials and regulatory approvals of these agents are utilized to develop treatment recommendations for the largest metastatic patient RCC group, the therapy naïve individual.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW:

The rationale for use of VEGF-targeted therapy in advanced RCC patients and the recently developed treatment options for these individuals are reviewed. Regulatory approval of sorafenib for the treatment of metastatic RCC (mRCC), was followed by the approval of sunitinib, temsirolimus, bevacizumab plus interferon (IFNα), everolimus, and--most recently--pazopanib. These licences were granted from late 2005 through late 2009, a very short span of 4 years. In treatment-naïve mRCC patients, sunitinib, sorafenib, pazopanib, bevacizumab + IFNα, and temsirolimus were approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and/or the European Medicines Agency (EMEA). The clinical trials and data supporting these approvals are reviewed.

WHAT WILL THE READER GAIN:

This review examines these developments and provides the reader an overview and understanding of available current systemic therapy options for treatment-naïve mRCC patients.

TAKE HOME MESSAGE:

As multiple treatment options are now available for treatment-naïve mRCC patients, an understanding of how to utilize this group of agents is required. The use of various clinical features allows a rational approach to therapy selection. These features include prior treatment status, histologic subtype, and prognostic group. Further refinement of therapy selection is required and will require further biologic information as well as comparative randomized trials.

PMID:
20586712
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Informa Healthcare
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk