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Rev Med Virol. 2010 Jul;20(4):231-44. doi: 10.1002/rmv.648.

The expanding range of parvoviruses which infect humans.

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  • 1Virus Reference Department, Centre for Infection, Health Protection Agency, London, UK. kevin.brown@hpa.org.uk

Abstract

The first human parvoviruses to be described (1960s) were the adeno-associated viruses (AAVs, now classed as dependoviruses), originally identified as contaminants of cell cultures, followed by parvovirus B19 (B19V) in 1974, the first parvovirus to be definitively shown to be pathogenic. More recently two new groups of parvoviruses, the human bocaviruses (HuBoV) and the Parv4 viruses have been identified. These four groups of human viruses are all members of different genera within the Parvovirus family, and have very different biology, epidemiology and disease associations from each other. This review will provide an overview of the virological, pathogenic and clinical features of the different human paroviruses, and how these new viruses and their variants fit into the current understanding of parvovirus infection.

(c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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