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J Arthroplasty. 2011 Jun;26(4):582-90. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2010.04.030. Epub 2010 Jun 26.

The use of navigation to obtain rectangular flexion and extension gaps during primary total knee arthroplasty and midterm clinical results.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeonnam, South Korea.


The authors evaluated 112 knees treated by total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a navigation-assisted modified gap balancing technique. Initial mediolateral gap differences in extension and in 90° of flexion were measured after proximal tibia bone cutting. Final flexion and extension gaps were measured by checking distances under equal tension before prosthesis insertion. Amount of femoral bone cutting and external rotations of femoral components were found to depend on initial gaps. Patients with a final rectangular gap had greater knee flexion angles preoperatively and at 1 year after TKA. However, no differences were observed between the clinical and radiologic outcomes of knees with rectangular and nonrectangular gaps at 1 or 4 years after TKA. The study shows that the navigation-assisted modified gap balancing technique provides an effective means of achieving rectangular flexion and extension gaps during TKA.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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