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Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2010 Aug;12(4):345-55. doi: 10.1007/s11920-010-0129-3.

Vocational, social, and cognitive rehabilitation for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia: a review of recent research and trends.

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  • 1School of Social Work, University of Southern California, University Park-MC0411, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA.


A growing body of evidence suggests that social and vocational interventions effectively enhance social and vocational functioning for individuals with schizophrenia. In this review, we first consider recent advances in vocational and social rehabilitation, then examine current findings on neurocognition, social cognition, and motivation with regard to the impact these elements have on rehabilitation interventions and outcomes. A critical evaluation of recent studies examining standalone treatment approaches and hybrid approaches that integrate components such as cognitive remediation and skills training reveals several ongoing challenges within the field. Greater understanding of the differential impact of various approaches, methods that may increase the magnitude of treatment effects, and the generalization of treatment effects to community functioning are among crucial areas for future research. Overall, these treatments hold promise in improving psychosocial functioning and helping individuals with schizophrenia acquire important life skills.

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