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J Angiogenes Res. 2010 Jun 22;2:10. doi: 10.1186/2040-2384-2-10.

Clinical trials with anti-angiogenic agents in hematological malignancies.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Tumor Biology Center at the Albert-Ludwigs-University, Breisacherstrasse 117, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany. mross@tumorbio.uni-freiburg.de.


New blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) is not only essential for the growth of solid tumors but there is also emerging evidence that progression of hematological malignancies like multiple myeloma, acute leukemias, and myeloproliferative neoplasms, also depends on new blood vessel formation. Anti-angiogenic strategies have become an important therapeutic modality for solid tumors. Several anti-angiogenic agents targeting angiogenesis-related pathways like monoclonal antibodies, receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, and proteasome inhibitors have been entered clinical trials or have been already approved for the treatment of hematological malignancies as well and in some instances these pathways have emerged as promising therapeutic targets. This review summarizes recent advances in the basic understanding of the role of angiogenesis in hematological malignancies and clinical trials with novel therapeutic approaches targeting angiogenesis.

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