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J Mol Biol. 2010 Jul 23;400(4):715-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.05.038. Epub 2010 May 24.

Crystal structure of the GalNAc/Gal-specific agglutinin from the phytopathogenic ascomycete Sclerotinia sclerotiorum reveals novel adaptation of a beta-trefoil domain.

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  • 1Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques UMR-6098 CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille, Campus Luminy, Case 932, F-13288 Marseille cedex 09, France.

Abstract

A lectin from the phytopathogenic ascomycete Sclerotinia sclerotiorum that shares only weak sequence similarity with characterized fungal lectins has recently been identified. S. sclerotiorum agglutinin (SSA) is a homodimeric protein consisting of two identical subunits of approximately 17 kDa and displays specificity primarily towards Gal/GalNAc. Glycan array screening indicates that SSA readily interacts with Gal/GalNAc-bearing glycan chains. The crystal structures of SSA in the ligand-free form and in complex with the Gal-beta1,3-GalNAc (T-antigen) disaccharide have been determined at 1.6 and 1.97 A resolution, respectively. SSA adopts a beta-trefoil domain as previously identified for other carbohydrate-binding proteins of the ricin B-like lectin superfamily and accommodates terminal non-reducing galactosyl and N-acetylgalactosaminyl glycans. Unlike other structurally related lectins, SSA contains a single carbohydrate-binding site at site alpha. SSA reveals a novel dimeric assembly markedly dissimilar to those described earlier for ricin-type lectins. The present structure exemplifies the adaptability of the beta-trefoil domain in the evolution of fungal lectins.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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