Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2010 Aug;17(8):997-1003. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.1866. Epub 2010 Jun 18.

Unique functionality of 22-nt miRNAs in triggering RDR6-dependent siRNA biogenesis from target transcripts in Arabidopsis.

Author information

  • 1Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.


RNA interference pathways can involve amplification of secondary siRNAs by RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. In plants, RDR6-dependent secondary siRNAs arise from transcripts targeted by some microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, Arabidopsis thaliana secondary siRNAs from mRNA as well as trans-acting siRNAs are shown to be triggered through initial targeting by a 22-nucleotide (nt) miRNA that associates with AGO1. In contrast to canonical 21-nt miRNAs, 22-nt miRNAs primarily arise from foldback precursors containing asymmetric bulges. Using artificial miRNA constructs, conversion of asymmetric foldbacks to symmetric foldbacks resulted in the production of 21-nt forms of miR173, miR472 and miR828. Both 21- and 22-nt forms associated with AGO1 and guided accurate slicer activity, but only 22-nt forms were competent to trigger RDR6-dependent siRNA production from target RNA. These data suggest that AGO1 functions differentially with 21- and 22-nt miRNAs to engage the RDR6-associated amplification apparatus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk