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Heart Lung. 2011 Jan-Feb;40(1):41-8. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2010.03.005. Epub 2010 May 14.

The association between bathing and weaning trial duration.

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  • 1University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe patterns of bath care for patients who are weaning from prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) and to explore the association between bathing and weaning trial duration.

METHODS:

Descriptive correlational study. Clinical records from 439 weaning trial days for 30 patients who required PMV were abstracted for bathing occurrences during weaning trials, within 1 hour before a trial, and nocturnally.

RESULTS:

Most baths occurred during weaning trials (30.8%) or at night (35.3%), and less frequently (16%) within 1 hour before a trial. No significant effects were found on trial duration for nocturnal bathing or bathing within 1 hour before a trial. By using random coefficient modeling, weaning duration was shown to be longer when bathing occurred during a weaning trial (P < .05), even when controlling for age, severity of illness, and days on bedrest.

CONCLUSION:

Bathing occurred during approximately one third of PMV weaning trials. Baths during PMV weaning trials were associated with longer weaning trial duration.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20561879
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2997168
Free PMC Article
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