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Rev Iberoam Micol. 2010 Sep 30;27(3):140-3. doi: 10.1016/j.riam.2010.04.002. Epub 2010 Jun 15.

[Mixed fungal infection in a diabetic patient].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Hospital Universitario Juan XXIII, Tarragona, España. emilio.mayayo@urv.cat



Mixed fungal infections although undervalued, are more common than mentioned in the scientific literature. These infections have a poor prognosis for the patient.


We present an unusual case of a 61-year-old diabetic male who had a rhino-orbito-sinusal zygomycosis in 2001. After surgical debridement of the infected parts, along with antifungal therapy with liposomal amphotericin B, the patient started improving. Several years later the patient was hospitalized due to a similar problem and was diagnosed of rhino-orbito-cerebral zygomycosis.


In both episodes, a histopathological examination and cultures were performed on the sinus lesions. Tissue sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin, Giemsa, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and Grocott's methenamine silver, and cultures specific for fungi were performed.


The histopathology studies revealed the presence of bacteria, actinomyces and a mixed infection by at least four different fungi, all of them well differentiated by their morphology. Despite the rapid diagnosis the patient died due to spreading to the central nervous system.


Mixed infections by fungi are rare, but due to the high incidence of immunodeficiencies they could occur more often than reported. We would like to alert on the possibility of acquired mixed infection by fungi which have shown to be high aggressive and have a worse prognostic in patients with underlying diseases.

Copyright © 2010 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

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