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J Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 15;202(3):392-8. doi: 10.1086/653710.

Azithromycin combination therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Bangladesh: an open-label randomized, controlled clinical trial.

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  • 1Department of Specific Prophylaxes and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In recent studies, the combination of azithromycin and artesunate has proven to be a promising alternative for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria.

METHODS:

We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial assessing the efficacy of azithromycin-artesunate combination therapy. The study was conducted involving 228 patients aged 8-65 years. Patients were randomized to 1 of 2 cohorts at a ratio of 2:1, receiving either azithromycin-artesunate once daily for 3 days (30 mg/kg per day of azithromycin plus 4 mg/kg per day of artesunate) or an adult dose of 80 mg of artemether plus 960 mg of lumefantrine (4 tablets Coartem or the equivalent for children weighing <35 kg) twice daily for 3 days.

RESULTS:

The 42-day cure rate by Kaplan-Meier analysis was 94.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 89.38%-97.44%) in the azithromycin-artesunate arm and 97.0% (95% CI, 89.45%-99.40%) in the control arm. Fever clearance times and parasite clearance times did not show any differences between the 2 arms (P=.59 and .95, respectively). No serious adverse events were seen, but the percentage of patients who developed any adverse event was higher in the control group (P=.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggest that azithromycin-artesunate is an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment for patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Bangladesh.

PMID:
20557237
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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