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EMBO J. 2010 Jul 21;29(14):2262-75. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2010.119. Epub 2010 Jun 15.

A classical NLS and the SUN domain contribute to the targeting of SUN2 to the inner nuclear membrane.

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  • 1Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Integral membrane proteins of the inner nuclear membrane (INM) are inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane during their biogenesis and are then targeted to their final destination. We have used human SUN2 to delineate features that are required for INM targeting and have identified multiple elements that collectively contribute to the efficient localization of SUN2 to the nuclear envelope (NE). One such targeting element is a classical nuclear localization signal (cNLS) present in the N-terminal, nucleoplasmic domain of SUN2. A second motif proximal to the cNLS is a cluster of arginines that serves coatomer-mediated retrieval of SUN2 from the Golgi. Unexpectedly, also the C-terminal, lumenal SUN domain of SUN2 supports NE localization, showing that targeting elements are not limited to cytoplasmic or transmembrane domains of INM proteins. Together, SUN2 represents the first mammalian INM protein relying on a functional cNLS, a Golgi retrieval signal and a perinuclear domain to mediate targeting to the INM.

PMID:
20551905
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2910269
Free PMC Article

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