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Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Jul;19(7):1848-54. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-10-0101. Epub 2010 Jun 15.

Association between genetic variants in the 8q24 cancer risk regions and circulating levels of androgens and sex hormone-binding globulin.

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  • 1Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple independent regions on chromosome 8q24 that are associated with cancers of the prostate, breast, colon, and bladder.

METHODS:

To investigate their biological basis, we examined the possible association between 164 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 8q24 risk regions spanning 128,101,433-128,828,043 bp, and serum androgen (testosterone, androstenedione, 3alphadiol G, and bioavailable testosterone), and sex hormone-binding globulin levels in 563 healthy, non-Hispanic, Caucasian men (55-74 years old) from a prospective cohort study (the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial). Age-adjusted linear regression models were used to determine the association between the SNPs in an additive genetic model and log-transformed biomarker levels.

RESULTS:

Three adjacent SNPs centromeric to prostate cancer risk-region 2 (rs12334903, rs1456310, and rs980171) were associated with testosterone (P < 1.1 x 10(-3)) and bioavailable testosterone (P < 6.3 x 10(-4)). Suggestive associations were seen for a cluster of nine SNPs in prostate cancer risk region 1 and androstenedione (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

These preliminary findings require confirmation in larger studies but raise the intriguing hypothesis that genetic variations in the 8q24 cancer risk regions might correlate with androgen levels.

IMPACT:

These results might provide some clues for the strong link between 8q24 and prostate cancer risk.

PMID:
20551303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2901401
Free PMC Article
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