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Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2011 Oct;17(5):470-5. doi: 10.1177/1076029610372088. Epub 2010 Jun 13.

Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin in early neurological rehabilitation.

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  • 1BDH-Neurological Center Hessisch Oldendorf, Teaching Hospital of the Medical School Hanover, InFo Institute, Germany.

Abstract

Prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is essential in neurological patients. Little is known about the optimal duration, efficacy, and safety of prolonged off-label use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). We enrolled n = 1176 early neurological rehabilitation cases in a retrospective study. In most cases (n = 1151, 97.9%), 4000 anti-Xa (activated coagulation factor X [factor Xa]) units enoxaparin were administered, only 25 received 2000 units for approximately 2 months (mean of 57.5 days). In 969 cases, enoxaparin was administered for more than 2 weeks. Incidence of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) were 0.43% (n = 5) and 1.11% (n = 13), respectively. Hemorrhages during enoxaparin therapy were more frequent. Bleeding occurred in 1.96% (n = 23) of cases, mainly gastrointestinal, urinary tract, and vitreous body bleeding. In short-term (up to 2 weeks) treatment, bleeding and VTE were more frequent than in long-term treatment. Results from this study suggest that prolonged enoxaparin thromboprophylaxis in neurological rehabilitation is safe and effective.

PMID:
20547551
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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