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Diabet Med. 2010 Jun;27(6):655-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2010.02987.x.

Prevalence and nature of anaemia in a prospective, population-based sample of people with diabetes: Teesside anaemia in diabetes (TAD) study.

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  • 1William Kelly Diabetes Centre, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK. stephen.jones@stees.nhs.uk

Abstract

AIMS:

Anaemia occurs in 25% of people attending hospital diabetes clinics, but this may not be representative of all people with diabetes. We aimed to determine the prevalence of anaemia in a prospective population-based sample stratified by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the 4-point Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula.

METHODS:

All 7331 patients on our district register were stratified by eGFR. Seven hundred and thirty were approached by letter on two occasions. Two hundred and thirty-four (32%) returned questionnaires and blood samples. Responders (R), non-responders (NR) and the whole cohort (C) were similar: mean +/- sd age R 61.7 +/- 12.7 years; NR 61.3 +/- 15.1 years; C 61.8 +/- 14.2 years; diabetes duration R 8.8 +/- 8.6 years; NR 8.2 +/- 7.9 years; C 7.5 +/- 7.8 years, Type 1 diabetes R 10.1%, NR 10.8%, C 9.4%. Anaemia was defined using World Health Organization criteria: haemoglobin < 13 g/dl for men, < 12 g/dl for women.

RESULTS:

Previously undiagnosed anaemia was present in 15% of the whole group, 36% with eGFR < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) and 9% of those with eGFR > 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Anaemia was as a result of erythropoietin deficiency in 34%, abnormal haematinics in 40% and was unexplained in 26% of patients. Five per cent of the patients had anaemia below the treatment threshold of 11 g/dl.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of unrecognized anaemia in population-based cohorts is lower than that in hospital-based studies. Current clinical surveillance in the UK is failing to detect anaemia in stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (eGFR < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) and current guidelines will not detect 9% of diabetic patients with anaemia and an eGFR > 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2).

PMID:
20546283
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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