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J Pediatr. 2010 Oct;157(4):578-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.04.041. Epub 2010 Jun 12.

Relationship between whole grain and fiber consumption and body weight measures among 6- to 18-year-olds.

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  • 1Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, School of Human Ecology, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

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  • J Pediatr. 2011 Apr;158(4):691-2.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the relationship between whole grain and fiber consumption and body weight measures in children 6 to 12 (n=3868) and adolescents 13 to 18 (n=4931) years old.

STUDY DESIGN:

Combined 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were analyzed. Mean body mass index (BMI), BMI percentile, BMI z-score, waist circumference, and prevalence of overweight/obesity were compared across categories of whole grain consumption (0 to <0.6, >or=0.6 to <1.5, >or=1.5 to <3, and >or=3 servings) with (1) a sex, ethnicity, and total energy intake-adjusted model and (2) a cereal fiber plus model 1 covariates profile.

RESULTS:

Mean whole grain intake was 0.59 and 0.63 servings/d among children 6 to 12 years and adolescents 13 to 18 years, respectively. In children, consumption of >or=3 servings of whole grain was not associated with body weight measures; however, consumption of 1.5 to <3 servings was positively associated with all weight measures. In adolescents, BMI z-score was significantly lower in the highest whole grain consumption group compared with the lowest 2 groups; BMI percentile and waist circumference (model 1 only) were also significantly lower in the highest whole grain consumption group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall consumption of whole grain was below current recommendations of at least 3 servings per day. Only in adolescents was this level of whole grain intake associated with lower BMI z-scores.

Copyright (c) 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
20542284
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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