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Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2010 Jun;22(2):161-78. doi: 10.1016/j.ccell.2010.03.003.

Intensive care unit delirium.

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  • 1Critical Care/Nutrition Support, Division of Pharmacy, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 377, Houston 77030-4009, TX, USA.


Once considered a benign iatrogenic consequence of intensive care unit (ICU) admission, ICU delirium is now recognized as a prominent disorder that negatively affects patient morbidity and mortality. The primary goal in the detection and treatment of ICU delirium is to ensure the safety of the patient and caregiver(s). Most critically ill patients possess 1 or more risk factors for the development of delirium; therefore, interventions that target delirium assessment and prevention are essential. This article highlights some of the recent data that have emerged regarding ICU delirium, including its definition, incidence, risk factors, diagnostic tools, and treatment.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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