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J Natl Med Assoc. 2010 May;102(5):396-402.

Effects of integrated risk counseling for cancer and cardiovascular disease in African Americans.

Author information

  • 1Center for Community-Based Research and Health Disparities, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia USA. chanita@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated a risk counseling intervention designed to enhance understanding about risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease, to improve self-efficacy for diet and physical activity, and to increase intentions to eat healthier and be physically active.

METHODS:

We conducted a quasi-experimental study developed by academic investigators and community stakeholders to evaluate the effects of integrated risk counseling in a community-based sample of African American adults (n = 101). The intervention provided education about the overlap in risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease and included components from motivational interviewing.

RESULTS:

Changes in behavioral intentions were not statistically significant (p > .05). Participants reported significantly greater levels of self-efficacy for diet (t = 2.25, p = .03) and physical activity (t = 2.55, p = .01), and significantly increased perceived risks of developing colon cancer (chi2 = 3.86, p = .05) and having a heart attack (chi2 = 4.50, p = .03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Integrated risk counseling may have some benefits among African Americans.

PMID:
20533774
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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