Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jan;1(1):14-7. doi: 10.4103/0974-7788.59938.

Pharmacognostic standardization of leaves of Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae).

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Rajiv Academy for Pharmacy, Mathura, N.H. #2, Delhi-Mathura Bye-pass, P.O. Chattikara, Mathura - 281 001, (U.P.), India.

Abstract

Calotropis procera, belonging to the Asclepidaceae family, is present more or less throughout India and in other warm, dry places such as, Warizistan, Afghanistan, Egypt, and tropical Africa. Its common names are Akra, Akanal, and Madar. The leaves of Calotropis procera are said to be valuable as an antidote for snake bite, sinus fistula, rheumatism, mumps, burn injuries, and body pain. The leaves of Calotropis procera are also used to treat jaundice. A study on Calotropis procera leaf samples extracted the air-dried leaf powder with different solvents such as petroleum-ether (60-80 degrees C), benzene, chloroform, ethanol, and sterile water. Preliminary phytochemical analysis was done long with measurement of the leaf constants, fluorescence characteristics, and extractive values. Quantitative estimation of total ash value, acid insoluble ash, and water- soluble ash may serve as useful indices for identification of the powdered drug. Histochemical studies which reveal rows of cylindrical palisade cells and, vascular bundles may also serve as useful indices for identification of the tissues. These studies suggested that the observed pharmacognostic and physiochemical parameters are of great value in quality control and formulation development of Calotropis procera.

KEYWORDS:

Calotropis procera leaves; fluorescence analysis; macroscopy; microscopy; pharmacognostic standardization; phytochemical screening

PMID:
20532092
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2876921
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk