Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anticancer Res. 2010 Apr;30(4):1279-85.

Cyclin D1b in human breast carcinoma and coexpression with cyclin D1a is associated with poor outcome.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA. vandana.abramson@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM:

Cyclin D1 is a mediator of cell-cycle control that is frequently overexpressed in primary ductal breast carcinomas, but its role is controversial. A polymorphism in the CCND1 gene, G870A, results in an aberrantly spliced protein (cyclin D1b) lacking the Thr-286 phosphorylation site necessary for nuclear export. Studies of murine fibroblasts have shown that although overexpression of canonical cyclin D1 (cyclin D1a) alone is not sufficient to drive malignant transformation, expression of nuclear cyclin D1b is oncogenic. Our objectives were to determine whether cyclin D1b is expressed in human breast carcinomas and to characterize the relationship of this protein to both cyclin D1a and clinical outcome in breast cancer patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We performed a prospective cohort study of women with early-stage breast cancer and analyzed cyclin D1a and D1b expression in primary breast tumor sections. Expression was tested for correlation with other breast cancer prognostic factors and clinical outcome, including recurrence or death.

RESULTS:

A total of 118 patients were included in this analysis, with a median follow-up of 44 months. Cyclin D1b was expressed in 26% of tumors and cyclin D1a was overexpressed in 27%; co-expression occurred in 4%. Cyclin D1a and/or D1b expression were not significantly associated with estrogen or progesterone receptor negativity, Her2 overexpression, young age, lymph node positivity, high tumor grade, nor large tumor size. The risk of recurrence was higher in those co-expressing D1a and D1b compared to the expression of either alone (relative risk=5.3, 95% confidence interval 1.27 to 22.1, p=0.02). The hazard ratio for those with co-expression compared with those without was 6.05 (p=0.04).

CONCLUSION:

Expression of cyclin D1b occurs in primary human breast carcinomas and its coexpression with cyclin D1a may be a marker for increased recurrence risk, independently of other factors.

PMID:
20530440
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3874215
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk