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Clin Genet. 2011 Mar;79(3):273-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2010.01455.x.

Digenic inheritance of an autosomal recessive hypotrichosis in two consanguineous pedigrees.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Abstract

Hypotrichosis is a human hereditary hair loss disorder in which affected individuals show sparse to complete absence of hair on scalp and/or on different body parts. To date, at least eight isolated autosomal recessive and dominant forms of hypotrichosis loci have been mapped on different human chromosomes, and the corresponding genes have been identified. Detailed clinical and molecular studies were undertaken of the hereditary hypotrichosis observed in the two consanguineous families (A and B) presented here. Human genome scan, using >500 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers, identified equal evidence of linkage of the hypotrichosis phenotype on chromosomes 12q21.2-q22 and 16q21-q23.1 in both the families. The novel hypotrichosis locus on chromosome 12q21.2-q22 spans 16.3 cM (17.62 Mb), flanked by markers D12S326 and D12S101. At this locus, maximum multipoint logarithm of the odds ratio (LOD) scores of 3.68 and 3.31 were obtained in families A and B, respectively. The second hypotrichosis locus on chromosome 16q21-q23.1, identified in the two families, spans 5.58 cM (8.28 Mb) and is flanked by markers D16S3031 and D16S512. Maximum multipoint LOD scores of 3.17 and 3.31 were obtained with markers mapped at this locus in families A and B, respectively. DNA sequence analysis of six candidate genes (PLEKHG7, SLC6A15, VEZT, DUSP6, KERA and KITLG), located in the linkage interval on chromosome 12q21.2-q22, failed to detect potential sequence variants in the affected individuals of the two families. However, DNA sequence analysis of CDH3 gene, located on chromosome 16q21-q23.1, detected a single base pair homozygous insertion (c.1024_1025insG and p.342insGfsX345) in exon 9 in family A and deletion of four base pair (c.1859_1862delCTCT and p.620delSfsX629) in exon 13 in family B. We described for the first time digenic inheritance of an autosomal recessive hypotrichosis phenotype in two unlinked loci on chromosomes 12q21.2-q22 and 16q21-q23.1 in two unrelated consanguineous Pakistani families.

© 2010 Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

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