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Nat Genet. 2010 Jul;42(7):631-4. doi: 10.1038/ng.600. Epub 2010 Jun 6.

Transposable elements have rewired the core regulatory network of human embryonic stem cells.

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  • 1Computational and Mathematical Biology, Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

Detection of new genomic control elements is critical in understanding transcriptional regulatory networks in their entirety. We studied the genome-wide binding locations of three key regulatory proteins (POU5F1, also known as OCT4; NANOG; and CTCF) in human and mouse embryonic stem cells. In contrast to CTCF, we found that the binding profiles of OCT4 and NANOG are markedly different, with only approximately 5% of the regions being homologously occupied. We show that transposable elements contributed up to 25% of the bound sites in humans and mice and have wired new genes into the core regulatory network of embryonic stem cells. These data indicate that species-specific transposable elements have substantially altered the transcriptional circuitry of pluripotent stem cells.

PMID:
20526341
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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