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Clin Nurse Spec. 2010 Jul-Aug;24(4):202-8. doi: 10.1097/NUR.0b013e3181e3604c.

Fast-track colorectal surgery program reduces hospital length of stay.

Author information

  • 1General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. baird.gayle@mayo.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study compared outcomes of a fast-track postoperative program implemented for patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery on 2 surgical units to patients receiving traditional postoperative care following laparoscopic colorectal surgery prior to implementation of the fast-track program.

AIMS:

The primary aim was to determine if there was a significant difference in length of stay and 30-day readmission rates between the 2 groups. The secondary aim was to examine whether patients on the fast-track program were able to successfully tolerate early diet, early ambulation, and minimal use of drains.

SETTING:

The study was conducted at a large Midwestern hospital.

METHOD:

A retrospective medical record review was done on 100 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery on the fast-track program for data pertaining to the research questions. Additionally, a medical record review was done for comparison on 100 matched controls based on age, sex, surgeon, and surgical procedure who received traditional postoperative care following laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

FINDINGS:

A statistical significant difference of 1 day was found between patients receiving traditional care and patients on the fast-track program. Readmission rates between the 2 groups were not statistically significantly different.

CONCLUSION:

: Overall, patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery on a fast-track program discharged 1 day sooner than patients on traditional recovery programs. Patients successfully followed the fast-track program.

IMPLICATIONS:

Fast-track programs in colorectal surgery reduce length of stay and could be considered for other surgical populations.

PMID:
20526121
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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