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J Health Psychol. 2010 Nov;15(8):1135-44. doi: 10.1177/1359105310364169. Epub 2010 Jun 3.

The role of religiosity, social support, and stress-related growth in protecting against HIV risk among transgender women.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Hunter College of City University of New York, Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, NY 10065, USA.


Transgender women completed questionnaires of religiosity, social support, stigma, stress-related growth, and sexual risk behavior. In a multivariate model, both social support and religious stress-related growth were significant negative predictors of unprotected anal sex, but religious behaviors and beliefs emerged as a significant positive predictor. The interaction between religious behaviors and beliefs and social support was also significant, and post-hoc analyses indicated that high-risk sex was least likely among individuals with high-levels of social support but low levels of religious behaviors and beliefs. These data have important implications for understanding factors that might protect against HIV risk for transgender women.

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