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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Jun;82(6):1099-101. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0751.

Co-infection with paracoccidioidomycosis and human immunodeficiency virus: report of a case with esophageal involvement.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.


Paracoccidioiodomycosis (PCM) is a systemic and deep mycosis endemic in Latin America, especially in Brazil. In patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), PCM can manifest with prominent involvement of the reticuloendothelial system. There are no reports in the literature of esophageal involvement by PCM in that population. We report a case of PCM with pulmonary and esophageal involvement without radiologic evidence of an esophageal-bronchial fistula in an HIV-infected patient.

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