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J Cell Biol. 2010 May 31;189(5):783-94. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201003138.

Regulation of basal cellular physiology by the homeostatic unfolded protein response.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. thomas-rutkowski@uiowa.edu

Abstract

The extensive membrane network of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is physically juxtaposed to and functionally entwined with essentially all other cellular compartments. Therefore, the ER must sense diverse and constantly changing physiological inputs so it can adjust its numerous functions to maintain cellular homeostasis. A growing body of new work suggests that the unfolded protein response (UPR), traditionally charged with signaling protein misfolding stress from the ER, has been co-opted for the maintenance of basal cellular homeostasis. Thus, the UPR can be activated, and its output modulated, by signals far outside the realm of protein misfolding. These findings are revealing that the UPR causally contributes to disease not just by its role in protein folding but also through its broad influence on cellular physiology.

PMID:
20513765
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2878945
Free PMC Article
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