Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AORN J. 2010 Jun;91(6):746-51. doi: 10.1016/j.aorn.2010.04.001.

Effects of music therapy on pain and anxiety in patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy and aspiration.

Author information

  • 1Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration are commonly used for diagnosing, treating, and following up after treatment for blood disorders and solid tumors. For adults, the infiltration of local anesthesia at the biopsy site has been used as the principal form of analgesia for bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Pain relief during these procedures is often incomplete, especially during aspiration of the bone marrow, and pain is likely to contribute to patient anxiety. Researchers at the Tabriz Hematology and Oncology Center in Iran conducted a study to quantify and evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy interventions on pain and anxiety control for 100 patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Participants in the study were randomly assigned to one of two groups: one group listened to music during the procedure, and the other did not. Patients completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory both before and after the procedure and reported pain severity by using a visual analog scale. Results showed that participants who listened to music had lower state anxiety and pain levels than those who did not listen to music.

Copyright 2010 AORN, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20510947
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk