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J Immunol. 1991 Jul 1;147(1):247-53.

Human mast cell carboxypeptidase. Selective localization to MCTC cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond 23298.


Two murine mAb were prepared against human mast cell carboxypeptidase (HMC-CP) purified from human skin, and were termed CP1 and CP2, respectively. Double immunohistochemical labeling of Carnoy's-fixed sections of human skin, lung, and gastrointestinal tissue with CP1 and CP2, respectively, and with a murine monoclonal antitryptase antibody demonstrated that HMC-CP was selectively present in a subset of human mast cells. Double labeling experiments with CP1 and CP2, respectively, and a murine anti-chymase mAb demonstrated the presence of HMC-CP in the tryptase-positive, chymase-positive mast cell type (MCTC) only. Immunohistochemical labeling of peripheral blood leukocytes resulted in staining of monocytes with CP2 but not with CP1. In addition to chymase and a cathepsin-G like proteinase, HMC-CP is another neutral protease that is selectively present in the MCTC tryptase-positive, chymase-positive mast cells type of mast cell, thus extending the biochemical definition of human mast cell heterogeneity.

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