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Endocr Pract. 2010 Nov-Dec;16(6):952-9. doi: 10.4158/EP10060.OR.

Encapsulated classic and follicular variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma: comparative clinicopathologic study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA. baloch@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the clinicopathologic features of papillary thyroid carcinoma classic variant (PTC-CV) and papillary thyroid carcinoma follicular variant (PTCFV), with a focus on the encapsulated form.

METHODS:

In a retrospective search of computerized pathology files for 1996 to 1998, a cohort of 114 cases (58 cases of PTC-CV and 56 cases of PTC-FV) were selected for this study. Clinicopathologic data and long-term follow-up (serum thyroglobulin measurements, radiologic studies, and additional tissue sampling) through the date of compilation of study data were extracted from the medical records.

RESULTS:

The median patient age at initial diagnosis was 46 years for the PTC-CV group and 45.5 years for the PTC-FV group. Complete tumor encapsulation was seen in 40 PTC-CV cases (69%) and in all PTC-FV cases (100%). A higher rate of tumor capsule invasion (CI), lymphovascular invasion (LVI), extrathyroidal extension, and lymph node metastatic lesions was seen in PTC-CV than in PTC-FV: CI, 26% versus 18%; LVI, 17% versus 4%; extrathyroidal extension, 19% versus 7%; and lymph node metastatic lesions, 68% versus 29%. Clinical, radiologic, or pathologic follow-up data were available in 36 PTC-CV cases (62%) and 34 PTC-FV cases (61%). The median duration of follow-up for the PTC-CV group was 10 years and for the PTC-FV group was 9 years. Tumor recurrence was found in 10 patients with PTC-CV (28%) and 2 with PTC-FV (6%). Distant metastatic lesions occurred in 3 patients with PTC-CV (8%) and 1 patient with PTC-FV (3%) (P = .17); of these, 2 cases of PTC-CV were encapsulated and showed CI, LVI, and lymph node metastatic lesions.

CONCLUSION:

Our current study confirms previous reports that both encapsulated PTC-CV and encapsulated PTC-FV are indolent tumors and are associated with very low mortality.

PMID:
20497934
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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