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Rehabil Psychol. 2010 May;55(2):151-8. doi: 10.1037/a0019518.

Protective and exacerbating factors in children and adolescents with fibromyalgia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, Fordham University, USA. christopherlibby@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate protective and exacerbating factors in the adjustment of youth with juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome (JPFS), we examined the relationship of stress, coping strategies, social support, and self-efficacy to quality of life, pain, and depression.

METHOD:

Participants were 57 youths (ages 10 to 18 years) and their parents from rheumatology clinics at 2 children's hospitals. The youths self-reported daily hassles, coping strategies, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, pain, and depression. Parents reported on the youths' major life events and quality of life.

RESULTS:

In regression analyses, daily hassles, catastrophizing (a coping strategies scale), and self-efficacy predicted child-rated quality of life; self-efficacy predicted pain; and daily hassles predicted depression. Self-efficacy and familial social support moderated the relationship between daily hassles and depression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Daily hassles may be associated with health outcomes for youth with JPFS more than major life events are, and catastrophic thinking and self-efficacy beliefs could be appropriate intervention targets.

PMID:
20496969
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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