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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 Jun;19(6):1185-93. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2009.1702.

Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome: a review.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The Urogynecology Center, Overland Park, Kansas 66215, USA.


Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic bladder disorder characterized by pelvic pain and irritative voiding symptoms. The symptoms of IC/PBS can overlap with such conditions as endometriosis, recurrent urinary tract infection, chronic pelvic pain, overactive bladder, and vulvodynia. The etiology of IC/PBS is likely multifactorial and may involve a defective urothelium, neurogenic upregulation, and mast cell activation. A thorough patient history and physical examination are critical in the differential diagnosis of IC/PBS. Frequent follow-up and patient education are important components of treatment once a condition is diagnosed. A multimodal approach to therapy can provide optimal relief for patients with IC/PBS.

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