Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010 Jul;95(4):F267-72. doi: 10.1136/adc.2009.167965. Epub 2010 May 20.

Processing speed and working memory underlie academic attainment in very preterm children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pedagogical Sciences, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands.



To study the impact of specific neuropsychological measures on academic attainment in very preterm (VPT) children.


VPT children (gestational age <31 weeks, N=48) and matched term controls (N=17) aged 9-10 years were assessed with measures of processing speed, executive function and IQ. Teachers reported on academic achievement in a questionnaire.


Group differences in academic attainment were significant for maths (OR 6.5; 95% CI 1.7 to 25.8), English/literacy (OR 3.8; 95% CI 1.1 to 13.5), overall academic attainment (OR 11.9; 95% CI 1.4 to 96.9) and special educational needs provision (OR 7.2; 95% CI 1.5 to 35.0). All significant group differences in attainment could be accounted for by processing speed. Birth group, processing speed and working memory were significant predictors of overall attainment (R(2)=0.57; p<0.001).


Processing speed and working memory are important factors underlying academic attainment in VPT children. Specific tests of processing speed and working memory, which together take approximately only 10 min to administer, could potentially be used as efficient screening instruments to assess which children are at risk of educational problems and should be referred for a full neuropsychological assessment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk