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Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Feb;33(2):242-53. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2010.03.015. Epub 2010 May 14.

Relationship between regional atrophy rates and cognitive decline in mild cognitive impairment.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. camcdonald@ucsd.edu

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between regional atrophy rates and 2-year cognitive decline in a large cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI; n = 103) and healthy controls (n = 90). Longitudinal magnetic resonance image (MRI) scans were analyzed using high-throughput image analysis procedures. Atrophy rates were derived by calculating percent cortical volume loss between baseline and 24 month scans. Stepwise regressions were performed to investigate the contribution of atrophy rates to language, memory, and executive functioning decline, controlling for age, gender, baseline performances, and disease progression. In MCI, left temporal lobe atrophy rates were associated with naming decline, whereas bilateral temporal, left frontal, and left anterior cingulate atrophy rates were associated with semantic fluency decline. Left entorhinal atrophy rate was associated with memory decline and bilateral frontal atrophy rates were associated with executive function decline. These data provide evidence that regional atrophy rates in MCI contribute to domain-specific cognitive decline, which appears to be partially independent of disease progression. MRI measures of regional atrophy can provide valuable information for understanding the neural basis of cognitive impairment in MCI.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20471718
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2923665
Free PMC Article
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