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Pediatr Res. 2010 Aug;68(2):134-9. doi: 10.1203/00006450-201011001-00260.

Inflammatory effects of phthalates in neonatal neutrophils.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA.

Abstract

Hospitalized infants are exposed to numerous devices containing the plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Urinary levels of the phthalate metabolite, mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), are markedly elevated in premature infants. Phthalates inactivate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), a nuclear transcription factor that mediates the resolution of inflammation, a process impaired in neonates. We speculate that this increases their susceptibility to MEHP, and this was analyzed. MEHP inhibited neutrophil apoptosis; neonatal cells were more sensitive than adult cells. In neonatal, but not in adult neutrophils, MEHP also inhibited chemotaxis, stimulated oxidative metabolism, and up-regulated expression of NADPH oxidase-1. In both adult and neonatal neutrophils, MEHP stimulated IL-1beta and VEGF production, whereas IL-8 production was stimulated only in adult cells. In contrast, MEHP-inhibited production of MIP-1beta by adult cells, and Regulated on Activation Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) by neonatal neutrophils. The effects of MEHP on apoptosis and oxidative metabolism in neonatal cells were reversed by the PPAR-gamma agonist, troglitazone. Whereas troglitazone had no effect on MEHP-induced alterations in inflammatory protein or chemokine production, constitutive IL-8 and MIP-1beta production was reduced in adult neutrophils, and RANTES and MIP-1beta in neonatal cells. These findings suggest that neonatal neutrophils are more sensitive to phthalate-mediated inhibition of PPAR-gamma, which may be related to decreased anti-inflammatory signaling.

PMID:
20453712
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2908957
Free PMC Article

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