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Cell Stem Cell. 2010 May 7;6(5):433-44. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2010.02.017.

Epigenetic regulation of miR-184 by MBD1 governs neural stem cell proliferation and differentiation.

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  • 1Department of Neurosciences, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

Abstract

Methyl-CpG binding protein 1 (MBD1) regulates gene expression via a DNA methylation-mediated epigenetic mechanism. We have previously demonstrated that MBD1 deficiency impairs adult neural stem/progenitor cell (aNSC) differentiation and neurogenesis, but the underlying mechanism was unclear. Here, we show that MBD1 regulates the expression of several microRNAs in aNSCs and, specifically, that miR-184 is directly repressed by MBD1. High levels of miR-184 promoted proliferation but inhibited differentiation of aNSCs, whereas inhibition of miR-184 rescued the phenotypes associated with MBD1 deficiency. We further found that miR-184 regulates the expression of Numblike (Numbl), a known regulator of brain development, by binding to the 3'-UTR of Numbl mRNA and affecting its translation. Expression of exogenous Numbl could rescue the aNSC defects that result from either miR-184 overexpression or MBD1 deficiency. Therefore, MBD1, miR-184, and Numbl form a regulatory network that helps control the balance between proliferation and differentiation of aNSCs.

PMID:
20452318
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2867837
Free PMC Article
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