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J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Jul 20;130(2):255-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2010.04.043. Epub 2010 May 6.

Decreased GABA receptor in the striatum and spatial recognition memory deficit in epileptic rats: effect of Bacopa monnieri and bacoside-A.

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  • 1Centre for Neuroscience, Department of Biotechnology, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin, Kerala, India.

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY:

Gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors are the principal mediators of synaptic inhibition in striatal neurons and play an important role in preventing the spreading of seizures through the striatum. In the present study, effect of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennel and its active component bacoside-A on spatial recognition memory deficit and alterations of GABA receptor in the striatum of epileptic rats were investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Total GABA and GABA(A) receptor numbers in the control and epileptic rats were evaluated using [(3)H]GABA and [(3)H]bicuculline binding. GABA(Aalpha1,) GABA(Aalpha5,) GABA(Agamma3) and GABA(Adelta) gene expressions were studied. Behavioral performance was assed using Y-maze.

RESULTS:

Scatchard analysis of [(3)H]GABA and [(3)H]bicuculline in the striatum of epileptic rats showed significant decrease in B(max) compared to control. Real-Time PCR amplification of GABA(A) receptor subunits such as GABA(Aalpha1,) GABA(Aalpha5) and GABA(Adelta), were down regulated (p<0.001) in the striatum of epileptic rats compared to control. Epileptic rats have deficit in Y-maze performance. Bacopa monnieri and bacoside-A treatment reversed these changes to near control.

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that decreased GABA receptors in the striatum have an important role in epilepsy associated motor learning deficits and Bacopa monnieri and bacoside-A has a beneficial effect in the management of epilepsy.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20451596
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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