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Anal Biochem. 2010 Sep 1;404(1):64-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2010.04.032. Epub 2010 May 4.

Development of diagnostics in the search for an explanation of aerotoxic syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Eppley Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, 68198, USA. lmschopf@unmc.edu <lmschopf@unmc.edu>

Abstract

Aerotoxic syndrome is assumed to be caused by exposure to tricresyl phosphate, an additive in engine lubricants and hydraulic fluids that is activated to the toxic 2-(ortho-cresyl)-4H-1,3,2-benzodioxaphosphoran-2-one (CBDP). Currently, there is no laboratory evidence to support intoxication of airline crew members by CBDP. Our goal was to develop methods for testing in vivo exposure by identifying and characterizing biomarkers. Mass spectrometry was used to study the reaction of CBDP with human albumin, free tyrosine, and human butyrylcholinesterase. Human albumin made a covalent bond with CBDP, adding a mass of 170amu to Tyr411 to yield the o-cresyl phosphotyrosine derivative. Human butyrylcholinesterase made a covalent bond with CBDP on Ser198 to yield five adducts with added masses of 80, 108, 156, 170, and 186amu. The most abundant adduct had an added mass of 80amu from phosphate (HPO(3)), a surprising result given that no pesticide or nerve agent is known to yield phosphorylated serine with an added mass of 80amu. The next most abundant adduct had an added mass of 170amu to form o-cresyl phosphoserine. It is concluded that toxic gases or oil mists in cabin air may form adducts on plasma butyrylcholinesterase and albumin, detectable by mass spectrometry.

2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20447373
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2900449
Free PMC Article

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