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J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc. 2010 Apr;16(2):105-13. doi: 10.1177/1078390310364428.

Effect of a motivational group intervention upon exercise self efficacy and outcome expectations for exercise in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSDs).

Author information

  • 1College of Nursing, University of Tennessee, 1200 Volunteer Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. lbeebe1@utk.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Persons with SSDs contend with multiple barriers to exercise. Interventions are needed to enhance attitudes theoretically linked to exercise behavior.

OBJECTIVE:

Examine effect of Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise for SSDs (WALC-S) intervention upon exercise self efficacy (SEE) and outcome expectations (OEES) in 97 outpatients with SSDs.

DESIGN:

Experimental, pre test posttest. Randomization to experimental (WALC-S) or time-and-attention control (TAC) after baseline SEE and OEES measures. Measures repeated after WALC-S or TAC.

RESULTS:

N = 97, 46% female, 43% African American, average age 46.9 years (SD = 2.0). Mean SEE scores were significantly higher in WALC-S participants after intervention (F ((1,95)) = 5.92, p = 0.0168), however, mean OEES scores were significantly higher in control participants after intervention (F ((1,95)) = 5.76, p = 0.0183.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first study to examine SEE and OEES in SSDs. Interventions to enhance exercise attitudes are a critical first step toward the ultimate goal of increasing exercise participation.

KEYWORDS:

Schizophrenia; exercise; motivation

PMID:
20445768
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2863356
Free PMC Article
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