Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Blood. 2010 Aug 19;116(7):1045-50. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-07-235291. Epub 2010 May 4.

Down syndrome childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia has a unique spectrum of sentinel cytogenetic lesions that influences treatment outcome: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.

Author information

  • 1University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and the Children's Hospital, 13123 E 16th Ave., Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Maloney.kelly@tchden.org

Abstract

Children with Down syndrome (DS) have an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and an inferior outcome. We reviewed data from 2811 children with ALL enrolled in Children's Oncology Group P9900, which included prospective testing for the major cytogenetic lesions in childhood ALL: ETV6-RUNX1, TCF3-PBX1, BCR-ABL1, and MLL translocations and trisomies of chromosomes 4 and 10. Eighty (3%) B-precursor ALL patients had DS. Age, sex, white blood cell count, and risk group were similar between DS-ALL and non-DS-ALL but significantly more patients with DS-ALL were white (91.2% vs 76.4%, P = .001). Children with DS-ALL had lower rates of the favorable cytogenetic lesions ETV6-RUNX1 (2.5% vs 24%, P < .001) and trisomies 4 and 10 (7.7% vs 24%, P < .001). Five-year event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were inferior in children with DS-ALL: 69.9% +/- 8.6% versus 78.1% +/- 1.2% (P = .078), and 85.8% +/- 6.5% versus 90.0% +/- 0.9% (P = .033). However, when children with MLL translocations, BCR-ABL1, ETV6-RUNX1, and trisomies 4 and 10 were excluded, the EFS and OS were similar for children with and without DS (EFS 68.0 %+/- 9.3% vs 70.5% +/- 1.9%, P = .817; and OS 86.7% +/- 6.7% vs 85.4% +/- 1.5%; P = .852), both overall and adjusted for race. DS-ALL displays a unique spectrum of biologic subtypes with different frequencies of sentinel cytogenetic lesions having a large influence on outcome.

Comment in

PMID:
20442364
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2938126
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk