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Am J Perinatol. 2010 Oct;27(9):737-42. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1253557. Epub 2010 May 3.

Postpartum follow-up for women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, USA.


We sought to determine the frequency of postpartum follow-up for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. A retrospective cohort study of women with gestational diabetes mellitus from 2002 to 2008 ( N = 745) at an academic center was conducted. The primary outcome was either fasting blood glucose or 2-hour oral glucose tolerance, both measured at ≤6 months postpartum. Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used for statistical comparisons, and statistical significance was indicated by P < 0.05 and 95% confidence intervals. The frequency of follow-up for the study cohort was 33.7%. Of these women, 28.3% had values consistent with impaired glucose tolerance and 2.0% were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Asian women were the most likely to follow up (43%), and Latinas had the lowest follow-up frequency (18%; P < 0.001). Compared with their counterparts, women ≥35 years old, nulliparas, and women with GDM subtype A2 were more likely to return for postpartum glucose testing (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 2.5; OR = 1.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 2.7; OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.4 to 3.6, respectively). The frequency of postpartum follow-up for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus is exceedingly low. More effective strategies are needed to increase the postpartum and longitudinal follow-up for all women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

© Thieme Medical Publishers.

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