Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychol Rev. 2010 Apr;117(2):440-63. doi: 10.1037/a0018963.

Construal-level theory of psychological distance.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. yaacov.trope@nyu.edu

Erratum in

  • Psychol Rev. 2010 Jul;117(3):1024.

Abstract

People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person's perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self in the here and now, and the different ways in which an object might be removed from that point-in time, in space, in social distance, and in hypotheticality-constitute different distance dimensions. Transcending the self in the here and now entails mental construal, and the farther removed an object is from direct experience, the higher (more abstract) the level of construal of that object. Supporting this analysis, research shows (a) that the various distances are cognitively related to each other, (b) that they similarly influence and are influenced by level of mental construal, and (c) that they similarly affect prediction, preference, and action.

PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved.

PMID:
20438233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3152826
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk