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Nat Mater. 2010 Jun;9(6):496-503. doi: 10.1038/nmat2751. Epub 2010 May 2.

Organic light-emitting transistors with an efficiency that outperforms the equivalent light-emitting diodes.

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  • 1Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati (ISMN), via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy. r.capelli@bo.ismn.cnr.it

Abstract

The potential of organic semiconductor-based devices for light generation is demonstrated by the commercialization of display technologies based on organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Nonetheless, exciton quenching and photon loss processes still limit OLED efficiency and brightness. Organic light-emitting transistors (OLETs) are alternative light sources combining, in the same architecture, the switching mechanism of a thin-film transistor and an electroluminescent device. Thus, OLETs could open a new era in organic optoelectronics and serve as testbeds to address general fundamental optoelectronic and photonic issues. Here, we introduce the concept of using a p-channel/emitter/n-channel trilayer semiconducting heterostructure in OLETs, providing a new approach to markedly improve OLET performance and address these open questions. In this architecture, exciton-charge annihilation and electrode photon losses are prevented. Our devices are >100 times more efficient than the equivalent OLED, >2x more efficient than the optimized OLED with the same emitting layer and >10 times more efficient than any other reported OLETs.

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PMID:
20436466
[PubMed]
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