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Fitoterapia. 2010 Oct;81(7):669-79. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2010.04.006. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia Jack): a review on its ethnobotany and pharmacological importance.

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  • 1Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia. rajeevbhat1304@gmail.com

Abstract

Eurycoma longifolia Jack is an herbal medicinal plant of South-East Asian origin, popularly recognized as 'Tongkat Ali.' The plant parts have been traditionally used for its antimalarial, aphrodisiac, anti-diabetic, antimicrobial and anti-pyretic activities, which have also been proved scientifically. The plant parts are rich in various bioactive compounds (like eurycomaoside, eurycolactone, eurycomalactone, eurycomanone, and pasakbumin-B) among which the alkaloids and quassinoids form a major portion. Even though toxicity and safety evaluation studies have been pursued, still a major gap exists in providing scientific base for commercial utilization and clearance of the Tongkat Ali products with regard to consumer's safety. The present review aims at reviewing the research works undertaken till date, on this plant in order to provide sufficient baseline information for future works and for commercial exploitation.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20434529
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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